Hormone Therapy

Hormone therapy is another form of systemic therapy. The most commonly used hormone therapy is performed after radiation or surgery to reduce the risk of recurrence of tumors. It is widely used to treat cancers of the breast and the prostate, ovarian cancer, womb cancer and kidney cancer.
Some cancer cells can use hormones to grow and develop in the body. Hormone therapy drugs (inhibitors or blockers) work by preventing hormones from being produced or from making cancer cells grow and divide.
Aromatase inhibitors (AIs) stop estrogen production in post-menopausal women and are used to treat both early and advanced breast cancer: Letrozole (Femara), Anastrozole (Arimidex), and Exemestane (Aromasin).
Drugs that block estrogen are Tamoxifen, Toremifene (Fareston ), Fulvestrant (Faslodex).
Flutamide (Eulexin), Bicalutamide (Casodex), and Nilutamide (Nilandron) stop androgens (male hormones) from working and are used to treat prostate cancer.
Abiraterone (Zytiga), Degarelix (Firmagon), Leuprolide (Lupron, Eligard ), Goserelin (Zoladex ), Triptorelin (Trelstar ), and Histrelin (Vantas ) are used to lower androgens level.
The duration of treatment depends on many individual factors. Hormone therapy can cause hot flashes (in women), digestive system problems, mood swings, blood clots, effects on your muscles and bones. In clinics of Los Angeles your doctor will choose the right type of hormone therapy for you.